UNVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE HISTORY CLASES

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UNVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE HISTORY CLASES

Postby bolbol » Sat Apr 02, 2016 12:05 pm

UNVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE HISTORY CLASES WRITING NOTE DOCUMENTS 1N THE YEAR 2009

WHY FRENCH CONQUEST OF THE VIETNAMESE, WAS IMPORTANT? (HTY: .394.)
By Bol Bol

Date: 4/24/2009.

The French conquest of the Vietnamese was importance, because it had reveals the deep national self-consciousness, as well as the determination for the Vietnamese people to resist invaders, example, first the Chinese and followed by the coming of the French.
Fleets the first war
It was on the April, 15, 1847, when two French warships bombarded Vietnam fleet in the Da Nang port and were able to destroyed five armored junks or Vietnamese ships and believed to killed many people. The purpose of the attacked was to gain the release of a missionary who some time was persecution under the Nguyen dynasty. Then after eleven years on the 8/31/ 1858 French again attacked the same port of Da Nang. This attack became the beginning of colonial war in Vietnam. Just say it was the long the war from 1858- 1884, about almost 26 years. This was the long war fought so far in Vietnam; the war drove the peasants away from their residence in their villages.

Why Vietnam turned against the French: The Vietnamese majority turned against the French because of its selfish aggression, in which French failed to respect to the Vietnam sovereignty and its traditional way of life.

Why choosing the topic?
I chose this topic to helped me understand, what it means for the Vietnam account of the French imperialist conquest, as one of the western traditional, to conquer the world through their desired to have invade other continent.

Colonies towns:
Popular were in countryside, while French control the some of the major town in all the French colonies, were suffered with the increase in all kinds of crisis such as famine. Adding more weight to the Peoples hatred .regarding to all had happened, were the advantages the French that means the peasant were ripe off, as a result many of the French regions in Vietnam were uprising, and that had brought and drowned them in blood.

The French ribbed rice fields, mines, forest and raw materials French carrying their policy of robbery and exploitation, she has taken the entire good land Crops role. The native peoples were no longer allowed to growing their main crops, such as rice. Instead were force to grown opium, buy Alcohol, which were required by French industry. Crops failure, gave the peasant loans as one of the trick of land thieved everything was destroyed, village were burn dawn. Trees were also cut downs Garden and farms laid waste or destroyed. Many of the indigenous made to servants and even some were murdered. They, the French have taken the best land, in which the right of landownership and replaced it by private ownership. In additions, peasants were heavy taxes, such as salt. Talk poll tax Animals got killed made the inhabitants to become weak because, they were used to work for more than the hours. There need lack of time to work their own field with no payment. Disease broken out, famine, death tool appeared and the death increase
Vietnam’s natural resources: Vietnam natural resources were being exploited, its people were mistreated and its leaders were become powerless. The king repression created him more opposition within his followers Lands alienation was the problem of economic exploitation under the colonial government. Those who cooperated with French, were given lands, rural people became the land less. Much and fertile lands was given to French colonial settlers Consequently, Vietnamese, were heavy taxes on opium,, salt and alcohol. This added the burdens on peasant regarding French invasion the land became the source of revenue, rice exports forbidden under the monarch, French control everything.


.1/. Reasons: why French went to war with Vietnamese:

Since the Catholic began to come to Vietnam, it’s appeared that they involved deeply and they influence into Vietnamese political affairs. The French came to Vietnam when missionaries? Community in Vietnam stepped up their Pressure on the French government to intervene military and to establish French Protectorate over Vietnam. They also wanted to be Protected by their government, when they thought the county instability that their lives on risked. This was ones of the Maine reasons why French invade Vietnam. Due to that let the French to have taken a tough moved to invade Vietnam in July 1857, to protect missionaries who were expelled.
Second, France was also believed to have been forced for competing against the other Europeans for the economic wealth and military controls. Example, this period was characterized by the rapidly developed, and the European began to swoop on the other continents to carry out the policy of partition of the world. The conquest of Burma by the Britain helped and speeded up the execution of French plans against Vietnam. As a result, France wanted to secure more strategic geographical positions of the world and to promoted their international trade and capitalism.
Two Vietnamese parties? Contribution to the war of aggression:
It was not all the Vietnamese who participated to resisted the invaders, for example, the
Monarchy spent decades of repression. Since the invader began to launch their first attacked, the Vietnamese divided into two Parties, with opposite views; they disagree to have faced aggression together. The king and the high dignitaries of the court Hue were frighten by the modern weapons used by the French, it was very clear to the King that Vietnamese were lacking new weapons to resist the invaders.

As result, the king and his court, accepted only the negotiation then to resist. Within the king mind, and his court of Hue, misjudge the situations, they believed that since French came from far away, they might be less interested in conquering the land than in wresting commercial advantage.

The Monarch failed to see his kingdom short coming in order to mobilize the nation to oppose the French aggression. Instead of his defined duty as responsible for safeguarding of national independence and honor. The king and the high dignitaries tied their hands down; just they accepted to practice a policy of peace and negotiation. The king had little to say but to sign peace treaties with enemy in 1862.
The treaty was order by the court of Hue to cede and gave the France rights to control the southern Vietnam. Also consented to pay an indemnity of 20 million and to opens the three ports for the French trade
The king and the Hue court gradually became agents of the French in which they put themselves under the foreigners? Shoes, and continue servicing by repressing the peoples patriotic movement. Howe ever, France waited for another 21 years before the final conquer when annexed the whole country from 1862-1883.The year 1862, was importance years for the France since they obtained concessions from king Tu Duc ceding three treaty ports in Annam, Tonkin and all of cochin. While the king and the court made more concession, to concessions and treaties. And the French continue violated treaty and resumed the conquest, again and again until the total annexation in which the monarchy end in capitulation and betrayal. Because of fear, the Vietnam king and high dignitaries preferred selling the national independence, in exchange for a few privileges for the France to win them over.


**popular resistance: party beside the king was the popular forces, which was powerful and protracted and compel French imperialism to wage a long and costly war. . While the royal troops offered a weak resistance, despite the fact that royal troops were the only force believed to play a guiding role on the national scale, began to undermine the efforts of Vietnamese Patriots. it was time when the popular resistance began to practice guerrilla war far with it surprise attacked with close combat, made them to succeeded in setting fire to French warship and inflicting on the French a bitter defeat at Nhat Tao. They managed to reoccupied, the guerrilla tactics put the French troops in to risked


On the other hand, the majority of the people in Vietnam stand up as whole of believing their long tradition of struggle for nation independence that had put up fierce resistance under the popular forces. The popular resistance and the people saw their king as puppet being used by France king, who failed to protect his people from the foreign aggression. The resistance center in Vietnam were everywhere by the peasant either in their rice plants or villages they all fought the war for the Vietnam future.

Tu Duc death in 1883;

There were a lot of confusion in Vietnam. Since there were no heir, the hue clan divided themselves for power struggle, After three emerged kings and high dignitaries even divide over what policy to be adopt towards France, this had result into some became partisans of armed resistance. Other of negotiation other pan openly betrayal and collaboration with the aggressors. Because of the confusion fence go ahead with his command concentration troops seize Da Nang and much on Hue made mandarins accepted all the condition impose to them by the French and they were splits into two group. Many disobey the Court and resigned their posts as to continue to resistance. While other put themselves into service French as their master. Now Vietnam lost its sovereignty and ti became the French protectorate.
****.

Bol Bol
HTY.394.
Date: 4/24/2009.

What was the main reason the French conquest? Why it was so important

The French conquest of the Vietnamese was importance, because of only two points. First, it was reveals the deep national self-consciousness, and as well as the determination for the Vietnamese people to resist invaders, example, first the Chinese and the next came the French.
Why Vietnam turned ageists the French. The Vietnamese became against the French selfish aggression, because French failed to respect to the Vietnam sovereignty and its traditional way of life.
Why choosing the topic? Why I have chosen this, it because to have helped understand what it means for the Vietnam account of the French conquest.
Imperialist. This conquest can be judged as the western traditional to conquer the world through their imperialist desired to have decided to invade other continent.

What do the French wanted? French came to Vietnam, looking for wealth, of the row materials, religion, and military controls, as this was a French ideology so far. When French occupied colony, the war drove the peasants away from their residence in their villages
Two Vietnamese party’s contribution to the war of aggression
Since the invader began to lunch the first attacked the Vietnamese to have divided into two parties, with opposite views, according to their understanding, how they could see the French aggression. The two parties disagree to have faced aggression.
The king and the high dignitaries of the court began to frighten by the modern weapons used by the French. ? Within the king mind, and his court failed to understand or misjudge by the believed that since French came from far away, they were less interested in conquering the land than in wresting commercial advantage. That made that Monarch failed to see his kingdom short coming in order to mobilize the nation to oppose the French aggression. As a result of all above the king and the high dignitaries, was title themselves to continue practice a policy of peace and negotiation. While the king made more concession, on the other hand the majority of the people in Vietnam stand up as whole of believing their long tradition of struggle for nation independence that had put up fierce resistance under the popular forces.
**
The second party beside the king was the popular forces, which was powerful and protracted and compel French imperialism to wage a long and costly war. While the royal troops offered a weak resistance, despite the fact that royal troops were the only force believed to play a guiding role on the national scale undermine the efforts of Vietnamese patriots

Colonies towns.
In all the French colonies suffered with the increase in all kinds of crisis such as famine. People’s hatred as advantage to the French, that means the peasant were ripe off, as a result many of the French region in Vietnam were uprising, that had brought and drowned them in blood. The French ribbed rice fields, mines, forest and raw materials French carrying their policy of robbery and exploitation, she has taken the entire good land Crops role. The native peoples were no longer allowed to growing their main crops, such as rice. Instead were force to grown opium, buy Alcohol, which were required by French industry. Crops failure, gave the peasant loans as one of the trick of land thieved everything was destroyed, village were burn dawn. Trees were also cut downs Garden and farms laid waste or destroyed. Many of the indigenous made to servants and even some were murdered. They, the French have taken the best land, in which the right of land ownership and replaced it by private ownership. In additions, peasants were heavy taxes, such as salt. Talk poll tax

Animals got killed made the inhabitants to become weak because, they were used to work for more than the hours. There need lack of time to work their own field with no payment. Disease broken out, famine, death tool appeared and the death increase
Luchmuch Bol
bolbol
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Posts: 392
Joined: Sat Jul 11, 2009 2:47 pm
Location: southportland Maine

Re: UNVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MAINE HISTORY CLASES

Postby bolbol » Sat Apr 02, 2016 12:06 pm

Bol Bol
HTY: 182.
Date: 4/14/2009
Family talk?s film
In Sierra Leone

The family talks began in 2002.This is a year when the peace was back to sierra Leon to end the violence and killing each other. The Family talks was to bring reconciliation between to the two factions. Within Serra Leone family. In short, the family’s talks is to forgive each. People came together as a way to solved their problems and able to rebuild their new community. So many lives lost and many property were destroy, since the war started Serra Leon in 1991-2002. Since the civil began in 1991 up to 2002, individuals, were torn apart. Many people were murders, many communities were massacres that lead to became genocide. There were also a lots of violence’s of killing relative by relatives. Sons were force to kill their parents. The country faced with all kinds of brutal killing. This led the majority of that individual country suffered. One of the good example, were the child soldiers who trapped and lost their education and join the fight. There were about 3000 00 child solders Ishmael Baeh an example, was on ages12. The children were forced by rebel to short their own parent, they got less than a week training and the women with a baby are also short deadly the family talks, bring the enemies party together and solved their problem.

To have fulfilled the peace’s they were putting woods on the fire and burning it. This remained as a symbol of peace for the people to recognize and forgives. All of them were dancing around the fire. They were asking themselves to forgive. Since their society has been torn apart by the war. The war destroys everything, people were divided by the conflict. When they came to together, nobody talked about the past. Because so many lives lost. The reaction to the film title, the family talks. In addition, during the show, another most important were the lighting the 8 candles for generations of genocide those fall on the genocide groups around the world. War and recondition from child solder who is now write a book for the wake up called to help former child soldiers wherever they are to reintegrate in to society and improved their lives. It was painful memory see that film
______
COREY’S OUR ELDER TEACHES US
Ch: 6
The military.

The role which had being played by the military in Guatemala began to change the Indigenous for understanding themselves. Since these people don’t come along well to their everyday life, something needed to be done and that became the army with a power to change them. The army institution became a good placed for ethnic relations of solving their community’s differences, because they found changes from it. The designed for military institution, was because to force the Maya into national society and to change their way of life. The example of those changes, included, the Maya dress, languages and as well as mentality. Not only that also, they have confidence and courage to stand up against the Ladino oppression. The most important central goal of Guatemala military, was to indoctrinate Maya in Ladino way.
Therefore, in order to meet the demands, the young men of Mayan were brought to service in the army, during the civil war. The Guatemala had been under the military rulers for quite a long time, to maintain the political power since 1870, which centralize power by professionalizing the military and replaced the Catholic Church with military, as a means of social control. The indigenous groups in the military, came to create a new Indian to conform Ladino lifestyle. Few of the Kaqchikel, freely chosen to be enroll in the military early in the 20th century. Because, they had realized what the advantages of the benefits offered by the military service. At first, they felt that, the military service seem as punishment to them, regarding the brutal treatment under Ladino offers. The example of such advantages are an access to education helped them to learn, write, read and speaks the Spanish language. Employment and social Empowerment, were included to what the military were provided. Traveling; brought them the leadership skills of communication. It had also offered chance to get their lives in a new ways of respect and confidence. The above benefits helped the Kaqchikel to change. Men learned skills beyond Spanish, such as used of firearm, and Mathematic. As a result, they appreciated the experience of their being in military service, and also appreciate the Sources of incomes that make them independent living. The military’s set of rules, seems to bring some disciples with essay escape from an oppressive situation and defend themselves, against other ethnic’s abuse.
Despite all the above opportunities, Kaqchikel never felt comfortable in military instead to go on with their service. First, they don’t wanted to give up their lifestyles as well as and the world views military in doctrinarian. The Kaqchikel began to avoid the military services because it seems to be too more violent opposite to attempt to change their way of doing their traditional. They hate the Military training when it came into practice by ending in combat became a problem because they don’t wanted people to died or to killed others, these are the reasons for their decline in the military.
--*******
TO CHRIS. BEAM
I have some difficulty, for where I can find this Critical Analysis of Harry, concerning the general question, the "A" section=================================================
[From Harry G. Summers, Jr., On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War [1982], p. 42.] =================================================== 5/9/09
Dear Class: The HTY 394 final examination has been posted in the Assignments section of the course Blackboard site.
Let me know if you have questions.
Good luck.
Luchmuch Bol
bolbol
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Posts: 392
Joined: Sat Jul 11, 2009 2:47 pm
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